Retiree Edition November 3, 2021
Diabetes Awareness Month

Diabetes is a chronic (long-lasting) disease that affects how your body turns food into energy. There are three main types of diabetes: type 1, type 2, and gestational diabetes (diabetes while pregnant). More than 122 million Americans are living with diabetes (34.2 million) or prediabetes (88 million).

Diabetes Risk Factors

Type 1 Diabetes

If you have type 1 diabetes, your pancreas doesn’t make insulin or makes very little insulin. Insulin is a hormone that helps blood sugar enter the cells in your body where it can be used for energy. Without insulin, blood sugar can’t get into cells and builds up in the bloodstream. High blood sugar is damaging to the body and causes many of the symptoms and complications of diabetes. Risk factors for type 1 diabetes are not as clear as for prediabetes and type 2 diabetes. Known risk factors include: 

In the United States, whites are more likely to develop type 1 diabetes than African Americans and Hispanic/Latino Americans.

Type 2 Diabetes

You’re at risk for developing type 2 diabetes if you: 

Employee Benefits and Risk Management, HREQ