Expulsion and Bus Expulsion Guidelines

Only principals may recommend expulsion of a student.

The principal may recommend expulsion for the following reasons:

  • Continuous disruptive behavior - defined as twelve (12) or more referrals
  • Violation of alternative placement letter
  • Certain SESIR events: Arson (ARS), Other major crimes (OMC), Battery (BAT), Physical attack on staff (PHA), Bomb Threats or hoaxes/threatening use of a firearm (DOC), Robbery (ROB), Drug sale/distribution (DRD) Sexual battery (SXB), Homicide (HOM) Weapons possession (WPO), Kidnapping (KID)

(F.S. 1006.09)

See School Bus Rules for bus expulsion qualifiers.

Students shall not be recommended for expulsion due to skipping, tardiness, absence, leaving campus without permission or truancy.

No student shall be expelled from school unless acted upon by the School Board.  Likewise, only the School Board can cancel an expulsion.  In no case shall an expulsion be for more than the duration of the current school year and one (1) additional school year (F.S. 1003.01).

If the principal recommends expulsion, the principal will immediately suspend the student for ten (10) days and notify the Superintendent or designee, and the parents by telephone or in person.  This will be followed by completion of the Student Event and Discipline Report (MIS 413) and the Expulsion/Disciplinary Alternative Placement (DAP) packet.

Any recommendation for expulsion shall:

  • Include the completed packet from the principal detailing the violation(s) and the alternative measures taken prior to a recommendation of expulsion, including positive behavior interventions and support strategies when appropriate.
  • The parent/guardian should be given a copy of District Level Discipline Appeal Rights and Responsibilities.
  • A copy of the Functional Behavior Assessment and Behavior Intervention Plan should be attached when appropriate.
  • Include information about previous violations of the Student Code of Conduct, the actions taken to address those violations, attendance history and academic history.
  • Inform the parent/guardian that an appeal will be scheduled at the district office.
  • Be signed by the principal.
  • Be sent to the parent/guardian.

A district level appeal will automatically be scheduled for all expulsion recommendations.

The hearing officer may review the file and make a recommendation if the parent/guardian waives their right to appeal, refuses to participate in a hearing or fails to appear for a scheduled meeting. Two (2) attempts to schedule a hearing will be made prior to moving forward due to parental lack of participation.

The Superintendent or designee may ban a student from campus during formal appeal of an expulsion recommendation if he/she believes the student’s presence on campus would be a continuing danger or disruption.  In such cases, the appeal shall be expedited.

Participation in the appeal process will not automatically reinstate participation in extracurricular activities.

If a parent/guardian does not agree with the decision reached at a district level discipline appeal hearing regarding the recommended expulsion, the parent/guardian may formally appeal the recommendation for expulsion at the next regularly scheduled meeting of the School Board by requesting an open or closed hearing before the Board.  This must be done in writing within three (3) days after receiving the Superintendent or designee’s decision at the conclusion of the hearing. 

The School Board’s decision regarding expulsions without services will be considered final.

If the Superintendent’s designee recommends an alternative placement in lieu of expulsion, said decision will be considered final and not subject to further appeal, negotiation, or amendment, by any party.

Students will not be alternatively placed due to disciplinary issues without due process as mentioned in this and other sections of this document. Students who have been expelled shall be excluded from all district or school sponsored activities taking place at any District School Board of Pasco County school or campus, at any school function or on any school sponsored transportation, including but not limited to extracurricular, co-curricular, student organizations, graduation ceremonies, dances, and other events.

Further, expelled students may not be on the campus of the zoned school or any Pasco County school at any time for any reason, unless accompanied by a parent/guardian for a scheduled meeting with school staff.

A minor who has been suspended or expelled from school may not be or remain in a public place (including school bus stops), in any establishment, or within 1,000 feet of a school during the hours of 9:00 a.m. to 2:00 p.m. during any school day. (Pasco County Ordinance sec. 66-153)

Please note that any ESE student (excluding Gifted only) or a student being considered for ESE or Child Find should not be recommended for expulsion and should be scheduled for a Manifestation Determination Meeting (MDM). Any such student that is brought to an expulsion hearing will be returned to their school for the proper MDM proceedings. See Students with Disabilities and Discipline section for MDM information. Any student with a 504 plan must have the proper MDM proceeding prior to being recommended for expulsion.

School personnel shall not be held legally responsible for suspensions and recommendations for expulsion made in good faith.

* See pages 27-29 for additional appeal information